Harmony in 21 Lessons

by Cheryl Macomber
Glenda Macomber

Pastor Clinton Macomber
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Lesson 13—Harmony Exercises

Reviewing the chords learned this far, we have studied the tonic chord built on C, E, and G (in the key of C); the subdominant built on F, A, and C; the dominant, on G, B, and D, and the dominant seventh, on G, B, D, and F. This lesson will cover the inversions of the dominant seventh chord, the previous lesson having covered the inversions of the dominant chord.

Because the dominant seventh chord has four notes, it has three inversions. See below the direct or fundamental position of the chord. The figure 7 shows that it is the dominant seventh. The first inversion is labeled six over five; the second inversion, four over three; and the third inversion, four over two:

Inversions of the Dominant seventh chord

These inverted dominant seventh chords resolve the same way as the dominant form: the 4th leads to the 3rd (F-E), the 7th leads to the 8th (B-C); the 2nd leads to the 1st (D-C); and the 5th (G) is retained as a binding tone unless in the bass. Below are some of the most common resolutions.

Resolves of seventh chords

Most of the time the seventh note (F) must descend (to E), but when the second inversion of the dominant seventh is followed by the first inversion of the tonic chord it will ascend:

Examples of seventh notes descending

Harmonize Exercises 1 and 2

Sample chords are given below:

The Tonic Chord: C

The Dominant Chord: G

Inversions of dominant chord of g

The Subdominant Chord: F

Inversion of subdominant chord of F

The Dominant Seventh Chord: G

Inversions of Dominant Seventh G Chord

Common Resolution of the Dominant Seventh: G, -C

Common resolutions of Dominant Seventh for G and C

Exercise 1

Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 2

Answer Instructions

Possible Harmonization

The great number of possibilities will give the student opportunity to display a little taste and judgment.

Click on the following "Answers" tab when you are ready to see the answers.

Exercise 1

Exercise 1 answers

Exercise 2

Exercise 2 answers